The endocrine system is a collection of major glands that produce and regulate hormones which aid in controlling important bodily functions. The system includes the pancreas, thyroid, parathyroid, pineal gland, hypothalamus, adrenal gland, pituitary gland, and ovaries or testes.
The endocrine system influences and has partial control of your metabolism, growth, sexual functionality, and general mood. Since it can therefore affect so many things in your body, it is important to visit an experienced endocrinologist for an evaluation and possible treatment.
Endocrine System Disorders
Some of the most common endocrine conditions include the following:
Whereas anyone can theoretically develop type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes can only occur in pregnant women. This is when diabetes develops during pregnancy (gestation), affecting how your cells use your glucose.
If left untreated, it can lead to complications in pregnancy which can affect pregnant women and their unborn baby’s health. The woman will thereafter be more susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes later in life, so it’s important to be under the care of a skilled endocrinologist if you have had gestational diabetes in the past.
Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland activity). It mainly affects middle-aged women, but it can also occur in people of any age. Some of the main symptoms are hypersensitivity to cold, fatigue, constipation, and sudden weight gain.
Unlike Hashimoto’s disease, Graves’ disease is caused by hyperthyroidism – an overactive thyroid. It is also an autoimmune disorder wherein the thyroid produces more hormones than the body needs.
The symptoms tend to be the opposite of those of Hashimoto’s: hypersensitivity to heat, frequent bowel movements, and sudden weight loss. If left untreated, hyperthyroidism can cause serious problems in the heart and bones.
Endocrinology 101: Endocrine Glands
The endocrine system influences everything from how your heart beats to how your tissues grow. Each gland has its role in releasing specific hormones into the bloodstream.
Here are some of the endocrine glands and their functions:
The adrenal glands are situated on top of each kidney, and they produce cortisol and aldosterone hormones. Cortisol helps the body respond properly to stress, and aldosterone helps regulate blood pressure with the balance of sodium, potassium, and water in the body.
Pituitary and Hypothalamus Glands
Both the pituitary and hypothalamus glands are located within the brain. They work with one another in controlling hormone production. They act as connectors between the endocrine system and the nervous system, and they can affect thirst, body temperature, sex drive, and sleep cycles.
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located at the base of the neck. It releases hormones that control metabolism, breathing, heart rate, and menstrual cycle.
Endocrinologist in Miami Beach
If you believe that you are suffering from any of these conditions or are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is best to find a reputable endocrinologist for an evaluation. Whether you are experiencing thyroid problems or testosterone deficiency, you can rely on the expertise of Dr. Alexander Lurie.
A board-certified endocrinologist, Dr. Lurie is well-known for his holistic approach that takes into consideration the patient’s background, goals, and unique circumstances to tailor-fit a medical plan that will help each of his patients.
To schedule an appointment, contact us today at (305) 456-4840 or fill out our online appointment request form. We look forward to helping you enjoy a lifetime of health and wellness.